Urban Water systems are actively managed by people who make day to day operational decisions. There are several toolkits developed to assist stakeholders to tackle the complexity of urban water systems which is caused by the constant changes due to demographics, urban renewal, infrastructure aging and replacement etc. Most toolkits provide a step by step guidance to formulate and implement IUWM in cities. Some of the toolkits referred are:
An integrated framework - the IAdapt Framework - has been developed by using tools and methods from various toolkits on integrated water management and climate change vulnerability assessment like Integrated Urban Water Management (IUWM) toolkit, IAP toolkit and TEEB methodology. The framework will be used to develop the Catchment Management Plan for the selected micro-catchment areas in the project cities.
Integrated Urban Water Management (IUWM) Toolkit for Indian Cities is a step by step guide for integrated management of urban water sectors (water supply, wastewater and storm water) in Indian cities. It promotes an alternative approach for water management which is based on the recognition that urban water sectors are elements of the same Urban Water Loop and co-operation among these sectors and between stakeholders can be identified for efficient water management. An IUWM-based approach can lead to improved demand-supply balance which, in turn, can lead to water efficiency, economic benefits for the community, equitable water distribution, improved water access, efficient water use, improved natural resource management and social benefits for vulnerable sections of the society and improved natural resource management leading to an inclusive, sustainable and water secure future.
This Toolkit has been developed as a part of the European Union funded project on Adopting Integrated Urban Water Management in Indian cities (Adopt IUWM) and has been tested in four project cities (Jaisalmer and Kishangarh in Rajasthan; Solapur and Ichalkaranji in Maharashtra).
The ICLEI ACCCRN Process (IAP) has been developed by ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability’s South Asia and Oceania offices through involvement with the Rockefeller Foundation supported Asian Cities Climate Change Resilient Network (ACCCRN) program. It enables local governments to assess their climate risks in the context of urbanization, poverty and vulnerability and formulate corresponding resilience strategies.
The IAP toolkit draws on the experience from the ten core ACCCRN cities and supplements this with learning, models, approaches and best practices of existing ICLEI approaches. The toolkit was tested in three Indian cities – Shimla, Bhubaneswar and Mysore – and subsequently in 40 cities in Indonesia, Bangladesh, the Philippines and India.
With a strong city focus, this toolkit is targeted at city governments and their role in catalyzing community building. It provides a streamlined process that is simple and yet rigorous, and which can be implemented by the cities themselves, with only minimal need for external support. It enables local governments to assess their climate risks, formulate and implement corresponding resilience strategies. The vision is to build resilience to climate change across all urban systems and groups, in particular the poorest and most marginalized.
The ICLEI ACCCRN Process has been designed in a step-by-step format, divided into 6 phases. A city with very little previous experience in climate change planning is advised to follow this sequence. However, other cities that have already completed some studies or analysis may wish to select only parts of the process. The process is also designed to be a continuous cycle of review and refinement, rather than a closed cycle as shown in the figure below.
ICLEI-Local Governments for Sustainability have developed a TEEB Manual for Cities: Ecosystem Services in Urban Management, in partnership with the TEEB for Local and Regional Policy Makers team. This manual outlines how cities can incorporate a focus on ecosystem services into city planning and management. By considering ecosystem services, cities have the opportunity to make some very positive changes, saving on municipal costs, boosting local economies, enhancing quality of life and securing livelihoods. The critical role that ecosystem services play in local economies is often taken for granted, and the TEEB approach can reveal the value of natural systems, highlighting opportunities and trade-offs between various policy options, planning proposals or infrastructure choices.